Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

2009 Marshall Urist Young Investigator Award: How Often Do Patients with High-Flex Total Knee Arthroplasty Use High Flexion?

James I. Huddleston MD, Donna Moxley Scarborough MS, PT, Dov Goldvasser MScE, Andrew A. Freiberg MD, Henrik Malchau MD, PhD

Although high-flexion TKA designs aim to safely accommodate deep flexion, it is unknown how often patients use deep flexion outside the laboratory. We used a validated smart-activity monitor to document the prevalence of knee flexion greater than 90° in 20 consecutive patients (21 knees) who had high-flexion TKAs, at a minimum of 2 years’ followup. Patients wore the device continuously for a mean of 35.7 ± 0.5 hours. The 21 knees flexed more than 90° for an average of 10 ± 3.8 minutes (0.5%). Activities performed with flexion greater than 90° were, on average, 70% in single-limb stance, 12% moving from sitting to standing, 8% walking, 7% moving from standing to reclining, 2% stepping, 0.9% moving from lying to standing, and 0.1% running. Eight knees flexed greater than 120° for an average of 2.2 minutes (range, 0.2–15 minutes), or 0.1% of the testing time. Activities performed with flexion greater than 120° were, on average, 90% in single-limb stance, 6% moving from sitting to standing, 3% walking, 0.6% moving from standing to reclining, 0.3% stepping, and 0.1% moving from lying to standing. Peak flexion used at any time during testing was, on average, 84% ± 11% of maximum postoperative flexion (125° ± 12°). These patients rarely used deep flexion.,[object Object]
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