Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research ®

A Publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons ®

Is Vertical-center-anterior Angle Equivalent to Anterior Coverage of the Hip?

Takashi Sakai MD, PhD, Takashi Nishii MD, PhD, Kazuomi Sugamoto MD, PhD, Hideki Yoshikawa MD, PhD, Nobuhiko Sugano MD, PhD

Abstract
We investigated whether the vertical-center-anterior (VCA) angle measured on the false-profile view of the hip represents true anterior coverage by computer simulation using three-dimensional (3-D) computed tomography (CT) in 100 hips without osteoarthritic changes. True anterior coverage angle on the sagittal plane was measured in the pelvic coordinate system. Two types of VCA angle were measured on the digital reconstructed radiographs: the anterior point of the VCA angle was defined as the foremost aspect of the acetabulum, denoted VCA-1, whereas the anterior edge of the dense shadow of the subchondral bone of the acetabulum was defined as VCA-2. In the normal hips, VCA-1 was consistent with anterior coverage angle (r = 0.88, Spearman rank test), whereas VCA-2 underestimated the anterior coverage (r = 0.72). In the dysplastic hips, VCA-2 did not always indicate true anterior coverage (r = 0.64), whereas VCA-1 overestimated the anterior coverage (r = 0.002). Although VCA-1 in normal hips shows true anterior coverage, the VCA angle does not indicate true anterior coverage in dysplastic hips, and VCA angle measurement in dysplastic hips should be used carefully.,[object Object]